AMITTAI (c. 800), Hebrew liturgical poet in oria , southern Italy; father of the liturgical poet shephatiah of Oria. According to tradition, the family was exiled to Italy by titus , after the destruction of the Temple. The ahimaaz chronicle describes Amittai as "a sage, learned in the Torah, a poet and scholar, strong in faith." Several piyyutim signed simply Amittai may probably be credited to him, including the touching pizmon Ezkerah Elohim ve-Ehemayah ("Lord I remember Thee and am sore amazed") which is included in the Concluding Service for the Day of Atonement according to the Ashkenazi rite, as well as Eikh Narim Rosh be-Ereẓ Oyevim ("How shall we raise our heads in a hostile land"). Some authorities however ascribe the former piyyut to his grandson amittai ben Shephatiah. The compositions breathe the spirit of the ancient Palestinian religious poetry. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: B. Klar (ed.), Megillat Aḥima'aẓ (1944), 12, 206f.; Davidson, Oẓar, 4 (1933), 368; Zunz, Lit Poesie, 256; Roth, Italy, 50 ff.; Schirmann, in: Roth, Dark Ages, 250. (Abraham Meir Habermann)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Amittai — (Hebrew: אֲמִתַּי, English: IPAEng|æˈmɪtaɪ), a biblical character, was the father of Jonah the prophet. He was also a native of Gath hepher.The name means my truth in Hebrew. [ [ Behind the… …   Wikipedia

  • Amittai — m Jewish: biblical name (meaning ‘true’ or ‘honest’ in Hebrew), borne by the father of Jonah (2 Kings 14: 25) …   First names dictionary

  • Amittai — (fl. c.800)    Italian Hebrew liturgical poet. Several piyyutim, signed Amittai, are credited to him including the hymn Lord I remember thee and am sore amazed . This is included in the concluding service for the Day of Atonement according to the …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • AMITTAI BEN SHEPHATIAH — (late ninth century), liturgical poet in Oria, S. Italy, grandson of amittai ; he succeeded his father shephatiah as leader of the community in Oria, evidently exercising his authority in an arbitrary manner. Over 30 of Amittai s liturgical poems …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Amittai — /euh mit uy/, n. the father of Jonah. II Kings 14:25. * * * …   Universalium

  • Amittai —    True, the father of Jonah the prophet, a native of Gath hepher (2 Kings 14:25; Jonah 1:1) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Amittai — /euh mit uy/, n. the father of Jonah. II Kings 14:25 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Amittai ben Shephatiah — (fl. 9th cent.)    Italian Hebrew liturgical poet. Several of his poems were incorpo rated into the Italian and Ashkenazi liturgies. His poems contain references to contemporary Jewish persecutions and Jewish Christian disputations …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • SHEPHATIAH BEN AMITTAI — (d. 886 C.E.), paytan and spiritual leader. Shephatiah lived in Oria in southern Italy. When abu aaron came to Italy in the mid ninth century, he passed on to Shephatiah secrets of practical Kabbalah which the latter was to use in performing… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shephatiah ben Amittai — (fl. 9th cent.)    Italian litur gical poet and religious leader. He lived in Oria in southern Italy. When Aaron ben Samuel came to Italy, he passed on to Shephatiah kabbalistic secrets which Shephatiah used in performing deeds, as recorded in… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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